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July 15 2008



Church in the Philippines “Yesterday,” Killing 30 Christians?


In the days following the mass shootings at two mosques in New Zealand carried out by a suspected white supremacist that left some 50 people dead, we encountered multiple social media posts claiming that the news media were ignoring similar deadly incidents perpetrated by Muslim terrorists against Christians. Facebook user Glenn Bayliss, for example, shared a message on the evening of 15 March 2019 asserting that “no media coverage” followed a terrorist attack by Muslim terrorists that had occurred “yesterday” at a church in the Philippines and left 30 Christians dead:

This Facebook post, which was viewed more than 100,000 times within the first few days of its initial posting, stated: “YESTERDAY IN THE PHILIPPINES A CHURCH WAS BOMBED BY MUSLIM TERRORISTS KILLING 30 CHRISTIANS. NO MEDIA COVERAGE.”

No bombing took place at a church in the Philippines “yesterday” relative to 14 March 2019. This Facebook post appeared to be referencing a terrorist attack on a church in the Philippines on 27 January 2019, left 20 people dead (not 30), and was reportedly carried out by ISIS.

This Facebook message was likely shared with a purposefully erroneous temporal reference in an attempt to support the unfounded claim that “no media coverage” followed the incident. Of course, a number of major national U.S. news outlets, such as CNN, the New York Times, and the Associated Press provided coverage of this deadly attack.

CNN reported that two bombs were detonated at the Jolo Catholic cathedral in the southern Philippines on 27 January 2019, leaving 20 people dead and dozens more injured. The ISIS pseudo-state took credit for the attack:

Two bombs tore through a Roman Catholic cathedral in southern Philippines on Sunday, killing at least 20 people and leaving dozens wounded, authorities said.

Two suspected improvised explosive devices detonated at intervals at the Jolo Catholic cathedral in the Mindanao region, according to the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao. At least 81 people have been wounded, authorities said, including 14 soldiers of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and two Philippine National Police officers.

The first device went off inside the cathedral, and the second one targeted nearby soldiers who rushed to help the victims of the first explosion, Armed Forces of the Philippines spokesman Brig. Gen. Edgard Arevalo said.

ISIS claimed responsibility for the bombings via its Amaq News Agency. Shortly after the Amaq report, ISIS’ “East Asia Province” also issued a formal communique for the twin suicide bombings.

ISIS did not provide evidence for its claim, nor can CNN independently verify it.

This terrorist attack was also mentioned in a March 2019 follow-up report from the New York Times about the rise of ISIS in the Philippines. The Associated Pressalso mentioned this incident in an article about terrorist attacks at houses of worship in the days following the massacres at two mosque in Christchurch, New Zealand.

It is worth noting that the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines released a statement in the aftermath of the January 2019 bombing that condemned extremism, not Muslims. In fact, the Catholic Bishops called for Muslims and Catholics to join together in advocacy against violent extremism:

We condole with the families of the several soldiers and civilians who were killed by the explosions. We also express our sympathies with those who were wounded and extend our solidarity with the rest of the church-goers inside the Cathedral and the rest of the church community in the Apostolic Vicariate of Jolo.

At the same time, we condemn this act of terrorism that has taken place only a few days after the plebiscite on the Bangsamoro Organic Law.

As we begin a new phase in the peace process with the creation of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARRM), we ask our Christian brethren to join hands with all peace-loving Muslim and Indigenous People communities in the advocacy against violent extremism.

May all our religions of peace guide us in our quest for a brighter future for the peoples of Mindanao.

From the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines

  • Associated Press.   “A Look at Attacks on Houses of Worship Over Last Decade.”
        15 March 2019.

  • Beech, Hannah and Jason Gutierrez.   “How ISIS Is Rising in the Philippines as It Dwindles in the Middle East.”
        The New York Times.   9 March 2019.

  • Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines.   “CBCP Statement on the Jolo Cathedral Bombings.”
        27 January 2019.

  • Associated Press.   “At Least 20 Dead as Bombs Target Jolo Cathedral in Southern Philippines.”
        26 January 2019.

  • Gutierrez, Jason.   “Philippines Cathedral Bombing Kills 20.”
        The New York Times.   27 January 2019.

  • Holcombe, Madeline and Verma Simonette.   “20 Killed, Dozens Wounded in Philippines Church Bombings.”
        CNN.   27 January 2019.


















Robin Williams

















Mary Lou Cook





























                Labyrinth in Cebu Philippines





On the way to Carcar ?
























Lenten Daily Reflection  by Bishop Baron  

Friends, today’s Gospel centers on the intriguing figure of Joseph. Joseph is one of the most beloved of the saints, featured in countless works of art and prominent in the devotional lives of many.

We know almost nothing about him, yet some very powerful spiritual themes emerge in the accounts of Joseph. He had become betrothed to Mary, and this union had been blessed by God. And then he finds that his betrothed is pregnant.

This must have been an emotional maelstrom for him. And, at a deeper level, it is a spiritual crisis. What does God want him to do? Then the angel appears to him in a dream and tells him, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary your wife into your home." He realizes at that moment that these puzzling events are part of a much greater plan of God’s. What appears to be a disaster from his perspective is meaningful from God’s perspective.

Joseph was willing to cooperate with the divine plan, though he in no way knew its contours or deepest purpose. Like Mary at the Annunciation, he trusted and let himself be led.

Reflect: In what situation, right now, are you having difficulty trusting and letting yourself be led? 






By  Terri Peters

Throughout her high-risk pregnancy, Ann Le worried about a heartbreaking outcome.















The Dalai Lama’s Future Is in Question

The Dalai Lama’s Future Is in Question

When he was 24, the Dalai Lama fled to India as China asserted control over Tibet. Sixty years later, Beijing still sees him as a threat — and wants to pick his successor. Who will be the next face of Buddhism?






Morning has broken on the cedar-strewn foothills of the Himalayas. His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama sits in meditation in his private chapel in Dharamsala, a ramshackle town perched on the upper reaches of North India’s Kangra Valley. Rousing slowly, he unfolds his legs with remarkable agility for a man of 83, finds the red felt slippers placed neatly beneath his seat and heads outside to where a crowd has already gathered.

Around 300 people brave the February chill to offer white khata scarves and receive the Dalai Lama’s blessing. There’s a group from Bhutan in traditional checkered dress. A man from Thailand has brought his Liverpool F.C. scarf, seeking divine benediction for the U.K. soccer team’s title bid. Two women lose all control as they approach the Dalai Lama’s throne and are carried away shaking in rapture, clutching prayer beads and muttering incantations.

The Dalai Lama engages each visitor like a big kid: slapping bald pates, grabbing onto one devotee’s single braid, waggling another’s nose. Every conversation is peppered with giggles and guffaws. “We 7 billion human beings — emotionally, mentally, physically — are the same,” he tells TIME in a 90-minute interview. “Everyone wants a joyful life.”

Ruven Afanador for TIME

His own has reached a critical point. The Dalai Lama is considered a living Buddha of compassion, a reincarnation of the bodhisattva Chenrezig, who renounced Nirvana in order to help mankind. The title originally only signified the preeminent Buddhist monk in Tibet, a remote land about twice the size of Texas that sits veiled behind the Himalayas. But starting in the 17th century, the Dalai Lama also wielded full political authority over the secretive kingdom. That changed with Mao Zedong’s conquest of Tibet, which brought the rule of the current Dalai Lama to an end. On March 17, 1959, he was forced to escape to India.

In the six decades since, the leader of the world’s most secluded people has become the most recognizable face of a religion practiced by nearly 500 million people worldwide. But his prominence extends beyond the borders of his own faith, with many practices endorsed by Buddhists, like mindfulness and meditation, permeating the lives of millions more around the world. What’s more, the lowly farmer’s son named as a “God-King” in his childhood has been embraced by the West since his exile. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989 and was heralded in Martin Scorcese’s 1997 biopic. The cause of Tibetan self-rule remains alive in Western minds thanks to admirers ranging from Richard Gere to the Beastie Boys to Democratic House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, who calls him a “messenger of hope for millions of people around the world.”

Yet as old age makes travel more difficult, and as China’s political clout has grown, the Dalai Lama’s influence has waned. Today the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) that drove him out of Tibet is working to co-opt Buddhist principles — as well as the succession process itself. Officially atheist, the party has proved as adaptive to religion as it is to capitalism, claiming a home for faith in the nationalism Beijing has activated under Xi Jinping. In January, the CCP announced it would “Sinicize” Buddhism over the next five years, completing a multimillion-dollar rebranding of the faith as an ancient Chinese religion.


The Dalai Lama delivers a lecture from his throne on Feb. 18 to mark Losar, the Tibetan new year.

The Dalai Lama delivers a lecture from his throne on Feb. 18 to mark Losar, the Tibetan new year.


Ruven Afanador for TIME

From Pakistan to Myanmar, Chinese money has rejuvenated ancient Buddhist sites and promoted Buddhist studies. Beijing has spent $3 billion transforming the Nepalese town of Lumbini, birthplace of Lord Buddha, into a luxury pilgrimage site, boasting an airport, hotels, convention center, temples and a university. China has hosted World Buddhist Forums since 2006, inviting monks from all over the world.

Although not, of course, the world’s most famous. Beijing still sees the Dalai Lama as a dangerous threat and swiftly rebukes any nation that entertains him. That appears to be working too. Once the toast of capitals around the world, the Dalai Lama has not met a world leader since 2016. Even India, which has granted asylum to him as well as to about 100,000 other Tibetans, is not sending senior representatives to the diaspora’s commemoration of his 60th year in exile, citing a “very sensitive time” for bilateral relations with Beijing. Every U.S. President since George H.W. Bush has made a point of meeting the Dalai Lama until Donald Trump, who is in negotiations with China over reforming its state-controlled economy.

Still, the Dalai Lama holds out hope for a return to his birthplace. Despite his renown and celebrity friends, he remains a man aching for home and a leader removed from his people. Having retired from “political responsibility” within the exiled community in 2011, he merely wants “the opportunity to visit some holy places in China for pilgrimage,” he tells TIME. “I sincerely just want to serve Chinese Buddhists.”

Despite that, the CCP still regards the Dalai Lama as a “wolf in monk’s robes” and a dangerous “splittist,” as Chinese officials call him. He has rejected calls for Tibetan independence since 1974 — acknowledging the geopolitical reality that any settlement must keep Tibet within the People’s Republic of China. He instead advocates for greater autonomy and religious and cultural freedom for his people. It matters little.

“It’s hard to believe a return would happen at this point,” says Gray Tuttle, a professor of modern Tibetan studies at Columbia. “China holds all the cards.”


The boy born Lhamo Thondup was identified as the 14th incarnation of the Dalai Lama at just 2 years old, when a retinue of top lamas, or senior Buddhist Tibetan monks, followed a series of oracles and prophecies to his village in northeastern Tibet. The precocious toddler seemed to recognize objects belonging to the 13th Dalai Lama, prompting the lamas to proclaim him the celestial heir. At age 4, he was carried on a golden palanquin into the Tibetan capital, Lhasa, and ensconced in its resplendent Potala Palace. A daily routine of spiritual teaching by top religious scholars followed.


“Sometimes my tutor kept a whip to threaten me,” the Dalai Lama recalls, smiling. “The whip was yellow in color, as it was for a holy person, the Dalai Lama. But I knew that if the whip was used, it made no difference — holy pain!”

It was a lonely childhood. The Dalai Lama rarely saw his parents and had no contact with peers of his own age, save his elder brother Lobsang Samden, who served as head of household. Despite his tutors’ focus on spiritual matters, or perhaps because of it, he was fascinated by science and technology. He would gaze from the Potala’s roof at Lhasa street life through a telescope. He took apart and reassembled a projector and camera to see how they functioned. “He continually astonished me by his powers of comprehension, his pertinacity and his industry,” wrote the Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer, who became the Dalai Lama’s tutor and was one of six Europeans permitted to live in Lhasa at the time. Today the Dalai Lama proudly describes himself as “half Buddhist monk, half scientist.”

The Dalai Lama was only supposed to assume a political role on his 18th birthday, with a regent ruling until then. But the arrival of Mao’s troops to reclaim dominion over Tibet in 1950 caused the Tibetan government to give him full authority at just 15. With no political experience or knowledge of the outside world, he was thrust into negotiations with an invading army while trying to calm his fervent but poorly armed subjects.

Conditions worsened over the next nine years of occupation. Chinese proclamations calling Lord Buddha a “reactionary” enraged a pious populace of 2.7 million. By March 1959, rumors spread that the Dalai Lama would be abducted or assassinated, fomenting a doomed popular uprising that looked likely to spill into serious bloodshed. “Just in front of the Potala [Palace], on the other side of the river, there was a Chinese artillery division,” the Dalai Lama recalls. “Previously all the guns were covered, but around the 15th or 16th, all the covers were removed. So then we knew it was very serious. On the 17th morning, I decided to escape.”

The two-week journey to India was fraught, as Chinese troops hunted the party across some of the world’s most unforgiving terrain. The Dalai Lama reached India incognito atop a dzo, a cross between a yak and a cow. Every building in which he slept en route was immediately consecrated as a chapel, but the land he left behind was ravaged by Mao’s disastrous Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution. Hundreds of thousands died. By some reckonings, 99.9% of the country’s 6,400 monasteries were destroyed.

Tibet’s desire to remain isolated and undisturbed had served it poorly. The kingdom had no useful allies, the government of Lhasa having declined to establish official diplomatic relations with any other nation or join international organizations. The Dalai Lama’s supplications were thus easy to ignore. Tibet had remained staunchly neutral during World War II, and the U.S. was already mired in a fresh conflict on the Korean Peninsula.

“[First Indian Prime Minister] Pandit Nehru told me, ‘America will not fight the Chinese communists in order to liberate Tibet, so sooner or later you have to talk with the Chinese government,’” the Dalai Lama recalls.

Around 300 devotees line up early at Tsuglagkhang temple to offer the Dalai Lama traditional khata scarves and to receive his blessing.

Around 300 devotees line up early at Tsuglagkhang temple to offer the Dalai Lama traditional khata scarves and to receive his blessing.


Ruven Afanador for TIME

When Tibetans first followed the Dalai Lama into India, they lived with bags packed and did not build proper houses, believing a glorious return would come at a moment’s notice. It never did.


Four decades of conversations between China and exiled Tibetan leadership have led nowhere. Consolatory talks began in the 1970s between the Dalai Lama’s envoys and reformist Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping and continued under Deng’s successor, Jiang Zemin. The talks stipulated that Tibetan independence was off the table, but even so, the drawn-out process was suspended in 1994 and after briefly resuming in the 2000s is again at a standstill.

Meanwhile, Tibet remains firmly under the thumb of Beijing. The U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights has lamented that conditions are “fast deteriorating” in the region. In May, Tibetan businessman Tashi Wangchuk was jailed for five years merely for promoting the Tibetan language. In December, the government issued a directive to stop Tibetan language and culture from being taught in monasteries. Once known as the “abode of the gods,” Lhasa has become a warren of neon and concrete like any other Chinese city. Although the U.S. officially recognizes Tibet as part of China, Vice President Mike Pence said in July that the Tibetan people “have been brutally repressed by the Chinese government.”

Many allege their cultural and religious freedom is under attack by the Beijing government. Some in Tibet resort to extreme measures to protest their treatment. Since 2009, more than 150 Tibetans — monks, nuns and ordinary civilians — have set themselves ablaze in protest. Often self-immolators exalt the Dalai Lama with their final breaths. Despite his message of nonviolence, the Dalai Lama has been criticized for refusing to condemn the practice. “It’s a very difficult situation,” he says. “If I criticize [self-immolators], then their family members may feel very sad.” He adds, however, that their sacrifice has “no effect and creates more problems.”

Beijing vehemently refutes accusations of human-rights violations in Tibet, insisting that it fully respects the religious and cultural rights of the Tibetan people, and highlights how development has raised living standards in the previously isolated and impoverished land. China has spent more than $450 million renovating Tibet’s major monasteries and religious sites since the 1980s, according to official figures, with $290 million more budgeted through 2023. The world’s No. 2 economy has also greenlighted massive infrastructure projects worth $97 billion, with new airports and highways carving through the world’s highest mountains, nominally to boost the prosperity of the 6 million ethnic Tibetans.

This level of investment presents a dilemma to Tibetans stranded in exile. The majority live in India, under a special “guest” arrangement by which they can work and receive an education but, crucially, not buy property. Many toil as roadside laborers or make trinkets to sell to tourists. And so large numbers of young Tibetans are making the choice to return, lured to a homeland they have never known. “If you want a safe and secure future for your children, then either you go back to Tibet or some other country where you can get citizenship,” says Dorji Kyi, director of the Lha NGO in Dharamsala, which supports Tibetan exiles.

At 83, the Buddhist leader reflects on a life spent away from his native Tibet.

At 83, the Buddhist leader reflects on a life spent away from his native Tibet.


Ruven Afanador for TIME

Many of the returnees are armed with better education and world experience than their peers who grew up in Tibet. “Some of them do well,” says Thupten Dorjee, president of Tibetan Children’s Village, a network of five orphanages and eight schools that has cared for 52,000 young Tibetans in India. “But if they get involved in political things then they land into trouble.”


Tibet still has a government-in-exile, the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) in Dharamsala, but it is dogged by infighting and scandal. Exiles are instead forging their own path. Last September, the Dalai Lama himself was filmed at his temple telling young Tibetans that it was better to live under Beijing’s rule than stay as “beggars” in exile. Speaking to TIME, he said it was “no problem” if exiled Tibetans chose to return to China.

Even those who have achieved prosperity elsewhere are opting to return. Songtsen Gyalzur, 45, sold his real estate business in Switzerland, where his Tibet-born parents immigrated after first fleeing to India, to start China’s Shangri-La Highland Craft Brewery in 2014. Today his award-winning brewery has an annual capacity of 2.6 million gallons of lagers, ales and porters. He recruits 80% of the staff from orphanages his mother set up in Tibetan areas in the 1990s. “Tibet has so many well-educated, well-trained professionals abroad who could have a real impact on people’s lives here,” he says.

Despite the “Lost Horizon” legend, the kingdom was never a spiritual and agrarian utopia. Most residents lived a Hobbesian existence. Nobles were strictly ranked in seven classes, with only the Dalai Lama belonging to the first. Few commoners had any sort of education. Modern medicine was forbidden, especially surgery, meaning even minor ailments were fatal. The sick were typically treated with a gruel of barley meal, butter and the urine of a holy monk. Life expectancy was 36 years. Criminals had limbs amputated and cauterized in boiling butter. Even the wheel wasn’t commonly employed, given the dearth of passable roads.

The Dalai Lama has admitted that Tibet was “very, very backward” and insists he would have enacted reforms. But he also emphasizes that traditional Tibetan life was more in communion with nature than the present. Tibet hosts the largest store of fresh water outside the Arctic and Antarctic, leading some environmentalists to term its frozen plateau the “third pole,” and especially vulnerable to the choking development unleashed by the Beijing government.

“Global warming does not make any sort of exception — just this continent or that continent, or this nation or that nation,” the Dalai Lama says. Asked who is responsible for fixing the crisis, he points not to Beijing but to Washington. “America, as a leading nation of the free world, should take more serious consideration about global issues.”

The Dalai Lama meditates in his private chapel inside his residence on Feb. 18.

The Dalai Lama meditates in his private chapel inside his residence on Feb. 18.


Ruven Afanador for TIME

The Dalai Lama is a refreshingly unabashed figure in person. His frequent laughter and protuberant ears make him seem cuddly and inoffensive, and it’s difficult to overstate how tactile he is. He appears equally at home with both the physical and the spiritual, tradition and modernity. He meditated within reach of an iPad tuned to an image of a babbling brook and mountains and a few minutes later turned to Tibetan scriptures written on wide, single sheets, unbound. He retires at 6 p.m. and rises at 4 a.m. and spends the first hours of his day in meditation.

“Western civilization, including America, is very much oriented toward materialistic life,” he says. “But that culture generates too much stress, anxiety and jealousy, all these things. So my No. 1 commitment is to try to promote awareness of our inner values.” From kindergarten onward, he says, children should be taught about “taking care of emotion.”

“Whether religious or not, as a human being we should learn more about our system of emotion so that we can tackle destructive emotion, in order to become more calm, have more inner peace.”

The Dalai Lama said his second commitment is to religious harmony. Conflicts in the Middle East tend to involve sectarian strife within Islam. “Iran is mainly Shi‘ite. Saudi Arabia, plus their money, is Sunni. So this is a problem,” he says, lamenting “too much narrow-mindedness” and urging people of all faiths to “broaden” their thinking.

Buddhism has its own extremists. The themes of Buddhism, as a nontheistic religion with no single creator deity, are more accessible to followers of other faiths and even ardent atheists, emphasizing harmony and mental cleanliness. But the Dalai Lama says he is “very sad” about the situation in Myanmar, where firebrand Buddhist monks have incited the genocide of Rohingya Muslims. “All religions have within them a tradition of human loving kindness,” he says, “but instead are causing violence, division.”

He keeps a sharp eye on global affairs and is happy to weigh in. Trump’s “America first” foreign policy and obsession with a wall on the southern U.S. border make him feel “uncomfortable,” he says, calling Mexico “a good neighbor” of the U.S. Britain’s impending exit from the European Union also warrants a rebuke, as he has “always admired” the E.U.

Six decades on, the Dalai Lama still hopes he will visit his birthplace again.

Six decades on, the Dalai Lama still hopes he will visit his birthplace again.


Ruven Afanador for TIME

In his ninth decade and moving with the help of assistants, the Dalai Lama continues to explore human consciousness and question long-held shibboleths. During a series of lectures in February to mark the Tibetan new year, he pontificates on everything from artificial intelligence — it can never compete with the human mind, he says — to blind deference to religious dogma. “Buddha himself told us, ‘Do not believe my teaching on faith, but rather through thorough investigation and experiment,’” he says. “So if some teaching goes against reason, we should not accept it.”

This includes the institution of the Dalai Lama itself. Even as a young boy, his scientific mind led him to question the idea that he was the 14th incarnation of a deity king. His former tutor recalled that he found it odd that the prior Dalai Lama “was so fond of horses and that they mean so little to me.” Today the Dalai Lama says the institution he embodies appears “feudal” in nature. Leaving the spiritual element aside, he says he doesn’t believe any political authority should be conferred when he dies. “On one occasion the Dalai Lama institution started,” he says. “That means there must be one occasion when the institution is no longer relevant. Stop. No problem. This is not my concern. China’s communists, I think, are showing more concern.”

Indeed they are. In a blow to the Tibetan exile community, China has set about bringing the leadership of Tibetan Buddhism into the party fold. When the Dalai Lama named a Tibetan child as the reincarnation of the previous Panchen Lama in 1995 — the second highest position in Tibetan Buddhism after himself — China put the boy into “protective custody” and installed a more pliant figure instead. The whereabouts of the Dalai Lama’s choice remain unknown.


So when the Dalai Lama leaves this plane of existence, it’s highly likely a 15th incarnation will be chosen by the godless CCP. “It’s pretty obvious the Chinese state is preparing for it, which is absurd,” Tuttle says. Tibetan Buddhists will be forced to choose between the party’s Dalai Lama and the selection of Tibetan exiles. On this point, at least, the incumbent is very clear. Any decision on the next Dalai Lama, he says, should be “up to the Tibetan people.”

No doubt the party’s desire to name a Dalai Lama stems from the fact that there are 244 million Buddhists in China — a cohort that dwarfs the CCP membership by 3 to 1. The party craves legitimizing its power above all else and believes yoking it to the institution of the Dalai Lama will provide that. But Beijing clearly also hopes it will be a symbolic final nail in the coffin of Tibetan self-rule, completing the absorption of Tibet into the People’s Republic of China that began seven decades ago.

So in a twist of irony, it seems the incumbent God-King’s wish will eventually be granted. One day a Dalai Lama will return to China — in this body or the next, with his blessing or without.

Correction, Mar. 7

A photo caption in the original version of this story misidentified a group of people waiting to see the Dalai Lama. They are devotees, not Buddhist monks.

Write to Charlie Campbell at charlie.campbell@time.com.










About 70 countries around the world practice daylight saving time. Find out who came up with the concept, when the time change was first enacted nationwide, and how some places are attempting to eliminate it.


Whether "springing ahead" or "falling back," daylight saving time has a fascinating history.


SPRING MARKS MANY changes: warmer weather, longer days, flowers peeping through the dirt. But for many people in the U.S., the approach of spring also means the start of daylight saving time.

This period—often incorrectly called daylight savings time—begins at 2:00 a.m. local time on the second Sunday in March, when clocks spring forward an hour. Daylight saving time ends at 2:00 a.m. local time on the first Sunday in November, when clocks fall back by an hour.

The idea behind the clock shift is to maximize sunlight in the Northern Hemisphere, as days start to lengthen in the spring and then wane in the fall. The logic is that by springing forward and falling back, people add an hour of sunlight to the end of the work day. But the benefits of this change are controversial, and the shift can have measurable impacts on health.

What's behind the changes in sunlight?

Seasonal shifts in the length of a day come from Earth's off-kilter rotation. Our planet turns on its axis at a relatively constant 23.4-degree angle relative to its path around the sun. This means that while the Equator usually enjoys roughly 12 hours of both day and night year round, the same isn't true the further north or south you go.


Summertime marks the Northern Hemisphere's time to shine. It leans toward the sun, causing longer and warmer days. Meanwhile, the Southern Hemisphere is plunged into the short days of winter as it tilts away from the sun. Six months later, the situation reverses, and winter grips the North while light bathes the South.

When coal still ruled, daylight saving time was implemented as a way to maximize limited daylight hours. Because of this, a given region's participation depends, in part, on how far the location is from the Equator. The farther away the country, the more pronounced the difference in day length between summer and winter, and the more likely the region is to participate in the time shift.

When did daylight saving time begin?

Many credit Benjamin Franklin for daylight saving time thanks to a possibly satirical letter he penned for the Journal de Paris in 1784. In the letter, he expressed astonishment to see the sun rise at the early hour of six in the morning, long before most Parisians ever saw the light of day. If that were to change, he writes, the city could save an “immense sum” of candles. He never suggested a shift in clocks, however, instead offering other amusing solutions to the problem that included cannons firing in the street to rouse people from sleep, taxes for shuttered windows, and candle sales restrictions.

Others credit the idea to George Hudson, an entomologist from New Zealand, who in 1895 suggested a two-hour shift to allow for more post-work bug hunting. Soon after, William Willett proposed a similar idea to prevent wasting daylight, bringing the concept to England's Parliament in the early 1900s.

It wasn't until resources became scarce during World War I that Germany decided to go ahead with just such a plan, implementing the first daylight saving time in 1916 to maximize resource use during sunlit hours. The United States soon followed suit, with the country's first seasonal time shift taking place in 1918.

Who observes daylight saving time?

Not everyone is in on the clock-changing frenzy. In the United States, Hawaii and most of Arizona (excluding the Navajo Nation) as well as the territories of Guam, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands all opt out of daylight saving time.

Globally, the popularity of changing clocks varies as well. Most of North America, Europe, New Zealand, and a few regions of the Middle East are in on the annual shift, though each have different start and stop dates. But the majority of Africa and Asia do not change their clocks. South America and Australia are split on the matter.

Europe's participation, however, soon may change. The European commissioner for transport, Violeta Bulc, announced in 2018 that the year's time shift, which previously spanned March and October, would be the EU's last. According to German news service Deutsche Welle, each EU state must decide by April 2019 whether to stay on summer or winter time.

Are there benefits to daylight saving time?

For many, the change seems meddlesome, resulting in missed meetings and sleepy citizens. There may be even more severe effects. Some studies identified an increase in heart attacks that coincides with springing forward and a slight decrease when falling back. Other studies suggest the time change could be linked to an increase of fatal car accidents, though the effect is small relative to the total number of crashes each year. Still other concerns include impacts to the immune system due to the inevitable sleep loss.

What's more, many studies have questioned whether there have ever been energy savings at all. A 2008 study from the U.S. Department of Energy suggested that in the United States, an extra four weeks of daylight saving time saved about 0.5 percent in total electricity a day. But others conclude the situation is largely a wash: The later sunlight hours do often reduce electricity use during this time, but they also spur more intense use of air conditioning in the evening or greater energy demands to light up the dark mornings.

Even so, those impacts may be location specific. One study found that daylight saving time caused an increase in energy demand and pollution emissions in Indiana, while another found it led to slight reductions in energy use in Norway and Sweden.

These days, arguments in favor of daylight saving time generally center on the boost the time shift gives to evening activities. People tend to go outside when it's light after work—playing sports, going for walks, taking kids to the playground—rather than sitting on the couch. Many outdoor industries, including golf and barbecue, have even promoted daylight saving time, which they say boosts profits. The petroleum industry is also a fan, as people drive more if it is still light after work or school.

But in many places, the time shift is very unpopular. Europe's pending move away from the annual change stemmed from a survey that revealed roughly 80 percent of some 4.6 million respondants were against daylight saving time. And some American states are also starting to push for changes. For now, however, if you live in a region that shifts the clocks twice a year, be wary of its effects.

Department of Energy: DST Facts
Ben Franklin's Essay on Daylight Saving
Deutsche Welle: EU to stop changing the clocks in 2019
Review of Economics and Statistics: Does Daylight Saving Time Save Energy
Energy Policy: The impact of daylight saving time on electricity consumption
Journal of Environmental Economics and Management: Daylight time and energy
Web Exhibits: Daylight Saving Time 



 It is now Autumn in Australia in the months of March, April and May. Autumn in Australia means the day begins to shorten as it cools towards winter. Daylight saving time ends on the first Sunday in April. 

Grace Australia Correspondent

The state of Arizona doesn't change time
Carmela Arizona correspondent

Yes, we have Daylight Saving Time in Canada.  I always have to make adjustments regarding my sleep pattern when this happens and it takes me a while to get adjusted to the change, however, it’s a good thing especially in our Great White North!  Nothing changes here in PV, Mexico and because of Daylight Saving Time we are now 2 hours behind Ontario time instead of just an hour.

It’s hard to watch the”weather bomb” that’s causing havoc in the US when we have full sunshine and great weather here in PV.  We feel blessed while we are here and enjoying the sunshine but in a couple of weeks and a half we will be back home in the cold and snow.  Just hoping that the melting will be gradual, otherwise, there’s danger of flooding where we are.

Tessie Canada Correspondent










The Tortoise And The Hare


Like the tortoise and the hare, we all arrive at the same destination, together, eventually.

The classic tale of the tortoise and the hare reminds us that different people take life at different speeds and that one way is not necessarily superior to another. In fact, in the story it is the slower animal that ends up arriving at the destination first. In the same way, some of us seem to move very quickly through the issues and obstacles we all face in our lives. Others need long periods of time to process their feelings and move into new states of awareness. For those of us who perceive ourselves as moving quickly, it can be painful and exasperating to deal with someone else's slower pace. Yet, just like the tortoise and the hare, we all arrive at the same destination together, eventually. 

People who take their time with things are probably in the minority in most of the world today. We live in a time when speed and productivity are valued above almost anything else. Therefore, people who flow at a slower pace are out of sync with the world and are often pestered and prodded to go faster and do more. This can be not only frustrating but also counterproductive because the stress of being pushed to move faster than one is able to move actually slows progress. On the other hand, if a person's style is honored and supported, they will find their way in their own time and, just like the tortoise, they might just beat the speedier, more easily distracted person to the finish line. 

It's important to remember that we are not actually in a race to get somewhere ahead of someone else, and it is difficult to judge by appearances whether one person has made more progress than another. Whether you count yourself among the fast movers or as one of the slower folks, we can all benefit from respecting the pace that those around us choose for themselves. This way, we can keep our eyes on our own journey, knowing that we will all end up together in the end.










3 Steps to Get Rid of All Your Clutter—For Good

How to get rid of clutter fast in 3 stepsClutter. It's Clutter: overwhelming. You try to keep up with it as much as possible. But it feels like as soon as you take care of it, it's back before you know it.

As a popular tidying method sweeps the nation, households everywhere are eliminating clutter, donating bags of unwanted items, and saying good-bye to clothes that no longer bring them joy.

If you've gone through a similar method of de-cluttering your home, only to be back at square one within a couple of weeks, you could be missing an important piece that's needed if you want to clear your clutter for good.

Or what if you don't even know where to start when it comes to clutter?

You're not alone. In fact, one of my Healing Center clients recently asked this question:

"Is there a Healing Plan for clutter? I have boxes and boxes and boxes and piles of stuff (mostly paper) and just can't even start to deal with it. I'm sure my personal issues are connected to the clutter. Is there a healing session for dealing with this issue?"

The answer is yes! First, let's take a closer look at clutter and what it means in your home.

Where does the clutter come from?

Your “outer” clutter is just the physical manifestation of your “inner” clutter. In another sense, your outer world is a mirror of what's going on internally for you. 

If you're experiencing unhealed emotional stress, overwhelm, or trauma from your past, that will show up in your physical environment.

You see, until you open the inner space for healing, it won’t matter how many times you clean up your outer space, as you will recreate the physical clutter. 

Without even realizing it, when you focus on the physical clutter in your outer world, it's actually a distraction from addressing your inner clutter. All your physical clutter shows up as interference and keeps you stuck in the cycle of stress, frustration, and uncertainty. 

How to get rid of your clutter for good


Do the Clearing for Stuck Energy. It's part of my free Masterclass that you can go through today after completing the Stuck Quiz. This Masterclass helps you feel calm and peaceful, so you'll be able to make decisions better.

“I am motivated to easily clear the inner and outer clutter in my life.”

Intentions are powerful. Set a strong intention that as you shift your inner space, you will become more and more uncomfortable with the clutter in your outer space until you can’t stand it anymore so you’ll clean it up!

Now it's time to start the process of decluttering. Make time to clean up one space in your house - little by little.

Still feel stressed about starting? Consider using this Healing Oil, "I am calm" to help calm your nervous system and clear your mind so you can begin to clean your space. It helps quiet any anxious thoughts and reduces stress.

As you clear up your inner and outer clutter you'll have more time for what really matters in life.

  1. Do an inner clearing.

  2. Set an intention.

  3. Move into action.

Keep doing your inner work, and watch your outer world transform. In The Carol Tuttle Energy Healing Center, every Healing Plan is supportive to help you shift this. 

One of my Healing Center clients, Noelle, agrees: "Yes! I totally relate to this. I've always had a lot of clutter on the dining room table and the kitchen counters, in particular. After I completed my first round in the Healing Plan for Weight Loss, I was prompted to KonMarie my papers. It's been 3 weeks and my table and counters are still completed clear and it's taken literally no additional effort on my part!"

What are your own success stories that have come from doing the inner work? Share in a comment. 


Bless you, 

Carol Tuttle



























My cousin LeeAnn Alcordo Kawaa lives in  Maui. The caption below is about her daughter 
Kamakana Kawaa named the Top Paddlers of the Year.

































Look closely, are you in this picture?  Taken at Marianas 11th birthday.





When I first came to Auckland, I had no friends and no money to spend on entertainment. I had to be creative in finding ways to amuse myself aside from books and Tinder. Fortunately for tourists and new migrants out there who love the arts like me, this city has plenty to offer. I was thrilled to get a free ticket to watch the Auckland Symphony Orchestra (ASO) in concert. A sample performance piece is in my blog post 

I have always fancied the orchestra but back home I didn’t have many opportunities to watch them. I was so excited to see the famous more than 80 members community symphony orchestra at the Bruce Mason Theatre.

Emily Guest Correspondent New Zealand




The Concert: Myths and Legends
The programme was made up of music that portrays a range of myths and legends from around the world. The concert featured two wonderful soloists Sara Lee on Piano and Seyoun Park on the traditional Korean string instrument Gayageum, and of course Auckland Symphony Orchestra.








I wasn’t allowed to take pictures during the performance and I was too busy absorbing everything in. I was able to find a good seat near the front too. The orchestra was lovely, I was enthralled and my heart was full. I feel like I want to learn to play the violin or something! LOL. My favourite piece was the theme from Pirates of the Caribbean, just because it was also the only one I knew!  I found a video of their performance of the same piece on Youtube to share with you. You’re welcome! J

























Judgment Versus Opinion

You Are What You Think

A thought may be "true" yet still prevent you from living your life's purpose. Choose thoughts that serve you.

Dear Friends, 

Today I'm bringing you an interview with Eric Maisel, PhD, about his course You Are What You Think. While preparing for this interview, I took a deep look at the course and found it to be packed with wonderfully insightful ideas that weren't at all complicated to integrate into my own life. I always teach that healing doesn't need to be complicated, and you will find that concept here. I hope you enjoy this talk with Eric. 

Madisyn Taylor: Briefly, what is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)? 

Eric Maisel: For thousands of years, natural philosophers and spiritual leaders have accurately pinpointed our thoughts as a primary source of our suffering. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a contemporary version of that long tradition. Therapists and other helpers working this way ask you to notice what you are thinking, reject thoughts that aren't serving you, and replace them with thoughts that do serve you. 

There are two questions that come up when we ask what will help us meet life's challenges, heal emotional distress, and deal with states of being associated with depression, anxiety, and addiction. The first is, "What's causing it?" The second is, "What helps?" Many kinds of answers have been offered to both questions. One consistent answer to "What's causing it?" is "How we think," and one consistent answer to the second question of what helps is to "Take charge of what you think." Clients who actively engage in this work invariably see positive results. If you think "I'm worthless" or "I have no chance" or "I need more Scotch" and replace those thoughts with "I'm worth a great deal" and "I absolutely have a chance" and "Time for an AA meeting," you have done yourself a world of good. There are lots of things that can help, but getting a grip on your thoughts may be what helps most. 

MT: What does "You are what you think," this course's title, mean? 

EM: Each of us tells ourselves a story about life all the time. Generally speaking, that story is rather negative and sometimes downright despairing. Millions of people have decided--just out of conscious awareness and where they can't quite hear it--that life is a cheat, that they have failed themselves, and that they and their efforts don't much matter. Since this is what they think, this then also becomes what they feel and how they act. Thinking "life is scary" naturally leads to anxiety, thinking "I don't matter" can naturally lead to depression, and continual thoughts like "I'm completely overwhelmed" can eventually lead to addiction. The thought is linked to your moods and behaviors. 

Most people do not realize that thinking what are objectively true thoughts may not serve them. "My sister was rude again" or "I doubt that the world cares about my poetry" or "I have so many errands to run" may be perfectly true thoughts that are better disputed and rejected if what you are trying to do is sit down and write poetry for an hour. Thinking "I have so many errands to run" makes it very hard to get permission from yourself to spend that hour writing poetry. That innocent-sounding "true" thought has successfully prevented you from living one of your life purposes. It is in this profound sense that we are indeed "what we think." 

MT: In lesson two you write, "If you're smart, sensitive, and creative, I'm guessing that you're also regularly troubled." This sentence really spoke to me. What do you mean by this? 

EM: I have identified many of the special sources of pain and difficulty that smart, sensitive, creative people regularly face. These include the deep anti-intellectual strain in most cultures, where the thinkers, artists, and professionals are always targeted by authoritarian leaders; by what I've dubbed "the smart gap," that is, the great distance between what you perceive to be your talents and abilities and the intellectual or creative work you feel called to do; and the pain that comes with ending up in a small corner of a large universe. 

The headlines are that life is challenging and that the creative life is doubly challenging. Creatives have extra meaning problems because they are reluctant to accept received meaning and want to know for themselves, which can make them doubt the meaningfulness of life; extra financial problems because none of the arts pay well unless you're a celebrity on top of their game; extra personality issues because in order to maintain their integrity and their individuality, creatives can become obsessive, cranky, and oppositional; extra anxiety issues because the creative process is in fact the activity of making one critical choice after another, and the very act of choosing provokes anxiety; and extra mood issues because they are often plagued by a background case of the blues caused by meaning coming and abruptly going. And much more! 

MT: I have to admit I laughed so hard when I read this sentence in your course and shared it with some employees who also had a great laugh: "There are serious things that you might try so as to stop caustic repetitions (thought patterns) of that sort. However, there are also amusing and goofy things to try. Here is an amusing and goofy one. Simply change one word of the thought. Put in any new word you like. Instead of thinking, "I have no chance," think "I have no socks" or "I have no celery" or "Goats have no chance." Silly, isn't it? But who's to say that silly can't also be brilliant? Tell briefly about how and why this works to alter thought patterns. 

EM: One of my degrees is in philosophy, and my focus was contemporary linguistic philosophy. If a leader keeps saying "war is peace" (think of Animal Farm and Orwell's other writings), doesn't "war" begin to sound very benign? If a leader keeps saying "all is good" when a lot isn't good, aren't a lot of folks going to be seduced into thinking that "all is good" even if they can't see that goodness for themselves? If you use language in one way, it can support you, but if you use it in another way, it can sabotage you. If you repeatedly say, "I have no chance," that repeated demoralization really does matter. But if you change that to "I have no celery" or "I have no animal crackers," all that does is send you off shopping. Changing our inner language, in serious ways or in silly ways, really does help and really does matter. 

MT: In your course, you write that we are kidnapping neurons and wearing ourselves out when we engage in negative self-talk. This really struck a chord with me: that I was depleting myself from neurons that could be used for something so much greater. Talk to me about this. 

EM: Our brain is made up of a large number of neurons, on the order of several billions. That sounds like an enormous number, but we have to remember that it takes millions of neurons, often hundreds of millions of neurons, to have a thought. Thinking means giving neurons over to particular thoughts. If you are using your neurons on thoughts like "I hate life" or "Why didn't I give him a piece of my mind?" or "the yard needs weeding," then you have hundreds of millions fewer neurons available to solve your problems, create your symphony, or think pleasurable or soothing thoughts. This is actually simple, straightforward physiology. We think because nature has built our brain a certain way, as a network of interconnecting neurons that do the work of thinking, and if we are employing neurons one way then they aren't available to be employed another way. Indeed, the main way we honor the creative process is by getting quiet--that is, silencing all those thoughts that are using neurons--so that all of our neurons are available to bubble up creative ideas. I guess you could call thinking a zero-sum game; if you are worrying about your overgrown grass, you can't also be composing your Symphony No. 9. 

MT: Can you share a success story with my readers of somebody that has gone through this course and their results? 

EM: Certainly. There are many. One client who dearly wanted to write a novel--she had the story clearly in mind--was preventing herself from starting because she kept thinking thoughts like "I don't know how to write a novel," "I'm not imaginative," "I have to focus on making a living," and other thoughts that were not supportive of her writing dream. She quickly came to understand that such thoughts, even if some of them were true, weren't serving her. So she decided to use as a thought substitute the single word "process" to stand for her acceptance of the fact that she had to begin as a beginner and that the process, whether easy or hard, had to be endured for the sake of finally writing her novel. She then endeavored to align her behaviors with her new thoughts, since "right thinking" without "right acting" doesn't get novels written or dreams fulfilled. She instituted a morning writing practice, which to begin with amounted to only 20 minutes a day, and by holding words like "practice," "routine," and "regularity" as sacred words, she was able to write virtually every day. In six months' time, she had the draft of her novel completed and subsequently found a literary agent to represent it. The agent secured her a lovely advance, that novel was published, and so has a second one. 

MT: Thank you for sharing that example of what we are all capable of when we clear thoughts that no longer serve us. Thank you taking the time to share your knowledge with us. I truly believe this work can be so beneficial to my readers. 












Carcar Market to Argao Market 1 of 5

Driving from Carcar Public Market to the Argao Public Market in a multicab. Camera is a Canon A3300 watching the road from the upper right corner of the cab....

























































































































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